a, e4: n., water; watercourse, canal; seminal fluid; offspring; father; tears; flood. [A archaic frequency: 519]

     interj., alas!.

     prep., locative suffix - where; in; when - denotes movement towards or in favor of a person.

     def. article, nominalizing suffix for a noun or noun clause, denoting 'the'.

á: (cf., áhi).

a5: (cf., aka).

e: (cf., ég).

é: house, household; temple; plot of land [E2 archaic frequency: 649; concatenates 4 signs].

è: (cf., éd).

e11: (cf., èd).

i: n., cry of pain (derived from ér, ír, 'tears; complaint' ?) [I archaic frequency: 17].

     v., to capture, defeat, overcome (cf., éd, è; i)

ì: (cf., ìa).

i7: (cf., ída).

u: (cf., ).

ú: n., plant; vegetable; grass; food; bread; pasture; load [U2 archaic frequency: 225; concatenates 3 signs].

     v., to nourish, support.

     adj., strong, powerful (man).

ù: n., sleep (cf., u5). [according to S. Lieberman, u, ù, and u4 were pronounced /o/]

     v., to sleep.

     prep., and; the prospective modal prefix: if; when; after; often used as a polite imperative.

     pron., a pronominal prefix in a compound noun, to derive a more specific meaning.

u(3,4,8): n., an expression of protest; cries, screams; the grunting, panting of battle; fight, dispute.

     v., to bend over.

u4: (cf., ud).

u5: n., male bird, cock; totality; earth pile or levee; raised area (sometimes written ù) [U5 archaic frequency: 1].

     v., to mount (in intercourse); to be on top of; to ride; to board (a boat); to steer, conduct.

     adj., (raised) high, especially land or ground (sometimes written ù).

u6: (cf., ug6).

u8: (cf., us5).

u18[GIŠGAL]: huge.

u20[ŠE]: barley.


Copyright © 1996-1999 John Alan Halloran, Los Angeles, California. All Rights Reserved.
Last modified on August 9, 1999.
http://www.sumerian.org/sumv.htm