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Mesopotamian Urbanism

A Bibliography


Adams, Robert McC.; 1972. "Patterns of urbanization in early Southern Mesopotamia" in Man, settlement and urbanism, P.J.Ucko, R.Tringham and G.W.Dimbleby (eds.), Duckworth, London: 735-749.

– 1981. Heartland of Cities. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Adams, Robert McC. & Hans J. Nissen; 1972. The Uruk countryside: The natural setting of urban societies. University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London.

Aerts, E. and H. Klengel (eds.); 1990. The town as regional economic center in the ancient Near East. Leuven.

Barbanes, Eleanor; 1999. Heartland and Province: Urban and rural settlement in the Neo-Assyrian Empire. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation in Near Eastern Studies: University of California, Berkeley.

Battini, Laura; 1994. "La citta quadrata: un modello urbano nella Mesopotamia del II e I millenio c.C.?" Orient Express 2: 49-50.

– 1998. "Opposition entre acropole et ville basse comme critère de définition de la ville mésopotamienne," Akkadica 108: 5-29.

Bunnens, Guy; 1996. "Syro-Anatolian Influence on Neo-Assyrian Town Planning," in Cultural Interactions in the Ancient Near East [Abr-Nahrain Supplement Series 5]. G. Bunnens (ed.), Louvain: 113-128.

Castel, C.; 1992. Habitat urbain néo-assyrien et néo-babylonien, I-II. Paris.

Diakonoff, I. M. 1954. "Sale of land in Pre-Sargonic Sumer" in Papers presented by the Soviet Delegation at the XXIII International Congress of Orientalists, Assyriology, Moscow: 19-29.

Diemel, P. Anton; 1931. Sumerische Tempelwirtschaft zur Zeit Urakaginas und seiner Vorgänger, Roma.

Falconer, S.E.; 1994. "The development and decline of bronze age civilisation in the southern Levant. A reassessment of urbanism and ruralism" in Development and decline in the Mediterranean bronze age, Sheffield: 305-333.

Falkenstein, A.; 1954. "La cité-temple sumerienne" Cahiers d’Histoire Mondiale 1 (1953-54) 784-814.

– 1974. "The Sumerian temple city" Sources and monographs: Monographs in History: Ancient Near East 1/1: Los Angeles.

Finkelstein, I.; 1995. "Two notes on early bronze age urbanization and urbanism," TelAvivJA 22: 47-69.

Finkelstein, I. & R. Gophna; 1993. "Settlement, demographic, and economic patterns in the highlands of Palestine in the chalcolithic and early bronze periods and the beginning of urbanism," BASOR 289: 1-22.

Frankfort, Henry; 1950. "Town planning in ancient Mesopotamia" Town Planning Review 21: 99-115.

Frézouls, Edmond; 1971. "Observation sur l'urbanisme dans l'Orient syrien," AAS 21: 231-235.

Frézouls, Edmond; 1983. "Urbanisme et Société: Réflections sur l’Orient Ancien," MEFRA 95: 305-333.

Heinz, Marlies; 1997. Der Stadt als Spiegel der Gesellschaft: Siedlungs-strukturen in Mesopotamien als Indikator für Formen wirtschatlicher und gesellschaftlicher Organisation. Dietrich Reimer Verlag: Berlin.

Herzog, Ze’ev; 1997. Archeology of the city: Urban planning in ancient Israel and its social implications. emery and Claire Yass Archaeological Press, Institute of Archaeology, Tell Aviv.

Hout, Jean-Louis; Jean-Paul Thalmann; Dominique Valballe; 1990. Naissance des cités. Éditions Nathan, Paris.

Hout, Jean-Louis; 1988. "Les villes nueves de l’Orient Ancien" in La ville nueve: Une idée de l’Antiquité?, J.-L. Hout (ed.), Paris: 7-36.

Ikeda, Y.; 1979. "Royal cities and fortified cities" Iraq 41: 75-87.

Kraeling, C.H. & Robert McC. Adams (eds.); 1960. City invincible: A symposium on urbanization and cultural development in the ancient Near East.University of Chicago Press.

Kubba, S.; 1987. Mesopotamian architecture and town-planning. BAR International Series 367: Oxford.

Lampl, Paul; 1968. Cities and planning in the Ancient Near East. George Braziller: New York.

Lauffray, J.; 1958. "L'urbanisme antique en Proche Orient" in Acta congressus M. Hafniae 4., Kopenhagen: 7-26.

Liverani, Mario; 1987. "La città vicino-orientale antica" in Modelli di città, P. Rossi (ed.), Torino: 57-85.

– 1994. "Ideologia della nuove fondazioni urbane in eta’ Neo-Assira" in Nuove fondazioni nel Vicino Oriente antico: realta e ideologia, S. Mazzoni (ed.), Pisa; 375-383.

– 1997. "The ancient Near Eastern city and modern ideologies" in Die Orientalische Stadt: Kontinuität, Wandel, Bruch. G. Wilhelm (ed.), Berlin: 85-108.

Loud, Gordon; 1936. "An architectural formula for Assyrian planning based on the results of excavations at Khorsabad", Revue d’Assyriologie et d’archéologie orientale 33: 153-160.

Matthiae, P.; 1994. "Da Nimrud à Khorsabad: storia di un modello tra progetto e realizzazione" in Nuove fondazioni nel Vicino Oriente antico: realta e ideologia, S. Mazzoni (ed.), Pisa; 29-45.

Mazzoni, Stefania (ed.); 1994. Nuove fondazioni nel Vicino Oriente antico: realta e ideologia. Pisa.

– 1994. "Aramaean and Luwian new foundations" in Nuove fondazioni nel Vicino Oriente antico: realta e ideologia, S. Mazzoni (ed.), Pisa; 319-339.

Mieroop, Marc Van de; 1997. The ancient Mesopotamian city. Clarendon Press: Oxford.

– 1999. "The government of an ancient Mesopotamian city: what we know and why we know so little" in Priests and officials in the Ancient Near East: Papers of the second colloquium on the Ancient Near East. K. Watanabe (ed.), Heidelberg: 139-162.

Molist Montana, M.; 1991. "Origenes del urbanismo en el Proximo Oriente. Notas en torno a la arquitectura, el espacio y el habitat en el desarrollo de los primeros poblados agr¡colas" in: I-IV Jornadas de arqueolog¡a fenicio-punica, Ibiza: 139-150.

Morris, A. E. J.; 1993. History of urban form before the industrial revolutions. (3rd. ed.), New York.

Oates, David; 1972. "The development of Assyrian towns and cities" in Man, settlement and urbanism, P.J.Ucko, R.Tringham and G.W.Dimbleby (eds.), Duckworth, London: 799-804.

– 1985. "Walled cities in Mesopotamia," MARI 4: 585-594.

Oppenheim, A. Leo; 1964. Ancient Mesopotamia: Portrait of a dead civilization. The University of Chicago Press: Chicago and London [Revised edition completed by Erica Reiner, 1977].

– 1969. "Mesopotamia- Land of many cities" in Middle Eastern cities: A symposium on ancient, Islamic and contemporary Middle Eastern urbanism, I.M. Lapidus (ed.), Berkeley: 3-18.

Parker, Bradley J.; 1997. "Garrisoning the empire: Aspects of the construction and maintenance of forts on the Assyrian frontier", Iraq 59: 77-87.

Postgate, J. Nicholas; 1992. Early Mesopotamia: Society and Economy at the Dawn of History. Routledge: London and New York.

Potts, D.T.; 1997. Mesopotamian civilization: The material foundations, Ithaca New York.

Redman, Ch. L.; 1978. "Mesopotamian urban ecology: The systemic context of the emergence of urbanism" in Social archaeology: Beyond subsistence and dating, Ch.L. Redman (ed.), New York: 329-347.

Rhee, Song Nai; 1981. "Sumerian city-states," in The City-state in five cultures, R. Griffeth & C.G. Thomas (eds.), Santa Barbara, California: 1-30.

Schwander, Ernst-Ludwig & Klaus Rheidt (eds.); 1999. Stadt und Umlaud: Neue Ergebnisse der archäologischen Bau- und Siedlungsforschung [Bau-forschungskolloquium in Berlin vom 7. bis 10. Mai 1997 veranstaltet vom Architektur-Referat des DAI]. Mainz am Rhein.

Scneider, A.; 1920. Die sumerische Tempelstadt. Die Anfänge der Kulturwirtschaft, Essen.

Stone, Elizabeth C.; 1987. Nippur Neighborhoods. Chicago.

– 1991. "The spatial organization of Mesopotamian cities," Aula Orientalis 9: 235-242.

– 1995. "The development of cities in Mesopotamia" in Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, J. Baines, G. Beckman, K. Rubinson (eds.), New York. Vol. I: 235-248.

Stronach, David; 1994. "Village to Metropolis: Nineveh and the beginnings of urbanism in Northern Mesopotamia" in Nuove fondazioni nel Vicino Oriente antico: realta e ideologia, S. Mazzoni (ed.), Pisa; 85-114.

Tringham, Ruth (ed.); 1973. Urban settlements: The process of urbanization in archaeological settlements. Warner Modular Publications 5: Andover, Massachusetts. (reprint of some archaeology related articles from Man, settlement and urbanism, P.J.Ucko, R.Tringham and G.W.Dimbleby (eds.), Duckworth, London, 1972)

Ucko, P.J.; R. Tringham and G.W. Dimbleby (eds.); 1972. Man, settlement and urbanism. Duckworth, London: 799-804.

van Liere, W.J.; 1963. "Capitals and citadels of Bronze-Iron Age Syria in their relationship to land and water," AAS 13: 109-122.

von Soden, W.; 1989. "Tempelstadt und metropolis im Alten Orient," in Aus Sprachen, Geschichte und Religion Babyloniens, Neapel; 293-335.

Westenholz, Joan Goodnick (ed.); 1996. Royal cities of the biblical world. Bible Lands Museum, Jerusalem. [J.C. Westenholz & M. Sigrist on Ur (3-52); J. Yakar & D. Hawkins on Hattu·a (53-82); J.Russell & G.B. Lanfranchi on Nineveh ( 153-196); J.G. Westenholz & D. Weisberg on Babylon; 197-236); J. Perrot, D. Ladiray & I. Ziffler on Susa (237-286).]

– (ed.); 1998. Capital cities: Urban planning and spiritual dimensions: Proceedings of the symposium held on May 27-29, 1996, Jerusalem, Israel. Bible Lands Museum, Jerusalem.

Wilhelm, Gernot (ed.); 1997. Die Orientalische Stadt: Kontinuität, Wandel, Bruch. 1. Internationales Colloquium der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft 9.-10. Mai 1996 in Halle/Saale. SDV Saarbrücker Druckerei und Verlag, Berlin.

Young, T.C. 1972. "Population densities and early Mesopotamian urbanism" in Man, settlement and urbanism, P.J.Ucko, R.Tringham and G.W. Dimbleby (eds.), Duckworth, London: 827-842.